The dictation for Shorthand speed improvement and Stenography skill test preparation in 80 wpm to 120 wpm speed. This 555 words audio dictation with transcription in 100 percent speed accuracy with important phrases. Speech by SHRI SHARANJIT SINGH DHILLON (LUDHIANA) in parliament budget session. Important for SSC stenography grade C and grade D exam skill test.
Thank you, Deputy Speaker Sir, for giving me the opportunity to speak on the General Budget 2006-2007. The development of any country depends mainly on Agriculture and Small-scale industry. But, in this budget, both these sectors have been totally ignored. By ignoring both these sectors, you are playing with the development of the country. It does not augur well for the progress of the country.
Sir, In Punjab, the farmers are in a miserable condition. The farmers of Punjab were harbingers of the Green Revolution. They made India self-sufficient in the production of food grains. Punjab is the largest contributor of foodgrains in the Central Pool. But the minimum support price of wheat and paddy has increased only marginally. On the other hand, prices of all items related to agriculture have gone up. The price of diesel has sky-rocketed. The price of fertilizers has increased. Water-table is going down in Punjab. Every year, farmers have to bore their tube-wells deeper and deeper to tap the ground water. Agriculture is being neglected by the Government. Per hectare production of foodgrains is going down. Farming has become a loss-making venture. But, farmers have no alternative. They are heavily in debt. As a result, they are committing suicide. More than 30,000 farmers have committed suicide in the last few years. As per an estimate made by Punjab Agriculture University, there is a total debt of 22,000 crores on the farmers of Punjab. 80% loan has been taken from the Private Financiers and 20% loan has been taken from Government agencies. Farmers who fail to return the loan are put in jail and money lenders grab their land. There is a lot of talk regarding diversification of crops.
Sir, I will not take much time. Markets have not been provided for the produce of the farmers. Remunerative Minimum Support Price has not been given to the farmers. Private companies are cheating the farmers.
I have a few suggestions to make. Loans of small and marginal farmers of Punjab should be waived off. Interest rates on loans being given to farmers should be reduced further. The Central Government should enact a law on contract farming to safeguard the interest of farmers. If a company goes back on the agreement it has entered into with a farmer, action should be taken against that company, and the farmer should be fully compensated.
In Punjab, farming is mechanized. The cost of mechanized farming, pesticides and fertilizers in Punjab is higher as compared to the cost of these things in other states. The Government should grant a package to the farmers of Punjab. There is an urgent need to establish an agro-based tinned-food plant in Punjab. Special facilities should be provided to the agriculture and small industries sectors. Indo-Pak trade should be further encouraged at the Wagah Border and Husainiwala Border. Vegetables and fruits can be exported to Pakistan and other countries.
I would like to know from the Government the details regarding the status of small-scale industry in India in the last two years. Industrialists have been moving out of Punjab. Many industries have closed down. Please provide the details. The Budget is silent about this. Ludhiana, which was earlier called the Manchester of India, is in ruins. Industrialists are moving out of the state and setting up their factories in the neighbouring states.
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