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Sir there are certain matters which I should like to explain this hon. House so far as the main principles on which the present amending Bill has been brought forward. The Backward Classes Commission, sir made certain recommendation in respect of these, there were 3 important suggestions that the backward classes Commission made. One watch, as you are aware, Sir in respect of the untouchables amongst the Sikh community. Now, it was at one time contended that the sikhs were not Hindus at all.
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That was rather wide claim. Then, they also contended that they had no cast system as such amongst the Sikhs. Therefore, there could be no question of any caste been recognised as a Scheduled caste because, as you are aware, Sir, the members should belong to the Hindu community, and it was one of the fundamental or vital points on which a community within that particular drive or within that particular group of people could be recognised as Scheduled caste in respect of Scheduled Tribes, Sir, the question of their belonging to a particular religion need not be taken into account, and there are scheduled tribes who have been recognised in these orders, who belong either to the Hindu community or to the Christian community, or they follow certain customs and manners which may not come within the established doctrines of either Hinduism or Christianity. Therefore, Sir, so far as the scheduled tribes were concerned, the question of their being members of the Hindu community was not taken into account at all. But so far as the schedule castes are concerned we have to understand here the historical fact that these were the members of the Hindu religion, but on account of certain Notions prevailing in ancient India, certain people, our own people, were unfortunately recognised as untouchables as they are called, and therefore certain very bad practice based on the alleged doctrine of untouchability grew up and that, to a very large extent, as you are aware, Sir polluted the very good atmosphere that ought to have been associated with the Hindu religion. So, for centuries together, this disability remind amongst these people. But, thanks to Gandhi ji and to a number of other great leaders of ours, this question watch taken up and since then, especially during the last 30 year, Sir, considerable headway has been made so far as the annihilation of this practice of untouchability is concerned. When the Constituent Assembly was considering this question, certain point were placed before that assembly. One of them that there ought to be a reservation of seat for the scheduled castes.
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