The Lok Sabha on 7 May 2015 passed the Constitution 119th Amendment Bill on the land boundary agreement between India and Bangladesh. The Bill was unanimously passed by the Rajya Sabha on 6 May 2015 with 180 votes in favour and zero against it. Earlier on 5 May 2015, the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi was cleared which includes territories in Assam along with those in West Bengal, Tripura and Meghalaya.
The land boundary agreement aims at the acquiring of territories by India and the transfer of territories to Bangladesh through retaining of adverse possession in pursuance of the 1974 agreement between the two nations. Assam, West Bengal, Tripura and Meghalaya all fall under the bill.
- 631 words English dictation 120 wpm speed
- 631 words English dictation 125 wpm speed
- 631 words English dictation 130 wpm speed
- 631 words English dictation 135 wpm speed
- 631 words English dictation 140 wpm speed
- 631 words English dictation 145 wpm speed
- 631 words English dictation 150 wpm speed
- 631 words English dictation 155 wpm speed
- 631 words English dictation 160 wpm speed
Download dictation audio mp3 – Use the “save link as” in right-click context menu.
The current Land Boundary Agreement was signed between the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Bangladesh’s Sheikh Hasina in Dhaka in September 2011. However, the original deal between the two nations was originally signed as far back as 1974. The Indira Gandhi – Sheikh Mujib Land Boundary agreement in 1974 had seen both countries agree to exchange the enclaves of land that both countries had within each other’s territory. India even agreed to forgo compensation for land that would be transferred to Bangladesh.
The bill includes exchange of territories in Assam, West Bengal, Tripura and Meghalaya. The enclaves of land lie in the states of Assam, West Bengal, Meghalaya and Tripura and in some cases there are even Indian sub-enclaves within Bangladesh enclaves and vice-versa. there are 111 Indian enclaves in Bangladesh spread over 17,000 acres and 51 Bangladesh enclaves in India spread over 7,110 acres.The land swap is largely seen as a procedural matter presently since most of the people within the enclaves would prefer to stay where they are located and the movement of people across borders as a result of the agreement is expected to be minimal.
The population in all the enclaves is estimated to be around 51,549 people in total of which 37,334 are reportedly Indians in Bangladesh.For people living in these enclaves, being surrounded by the territory of another country means that they have no access to any of the government services they are entitled to. India is expected to lose 40 square kilometers under the agreement but the move is expected to finally resolve a procedural complication.
India and Bangladesh have a 4,096.7-km land boundary. The boundary (with erstwhile East Pakistan) was determined by the Radcliffe Award of 1947. Disputes arose out of provisions of the award.
Arun Jaitley and the BJP may have firmly stood against the Land Border Agreement in the Rajya Sabha in 2013, but Prime Minister Narendra Modi, after coming to power, had decided to finally operationalise the contentious Land Boundary Agreement with Bangladesh, which may just bring to close a land deal that has been over 40 years in the offing.Modi, during the rally in Assam where he promised to enforce the agreement, said that it will end illegal migration from Bangladesh into India.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 7 May 2015 called his Bangladesh counterpart Sheikh Hasina to convey his congratulations and best wishes after the Lower House of the Indian Parliament — the Lok Sabha — passed the Indo-Bangladesh Land Boundary Agreement Bill, and termed it as a historic milestone in relations between the two countries.
The Prime Minister shared his thoughts via a series of tweets. “Today a historic milestone has been reached in India-Bangladesh relations after the passing of the Constitutional Amendment by Parliament,” Prime Minister Modi tweeted. “The Amendment passed ensures a permanent settlement of land boundary with Bangladesh & resolution of long-pending boundary issues,” he added. “This would contribute to a stable & peaceful boundary, better management & coordination of the border & will lead to enhanced security as well,” the Prime Minister said.
Download dictation transcription pdf file – dictation transcription